Soybean growers emphasize livestock nutritional value
Farm Week Now
Wenona farmer James Martin believes there’s more to farm profitability than just how many bushels per acre of soybeans he can harvest.
Not that yield isn’t important — but he also feels that improving the nutritional value of the soybeans he grows is vital to increasing market demand and boosting farm profitability for both soybean and livestock producers.
Amino Acids Industry 2020
Amino acids play an important role both as intermediates in metabolism and as building blocks of proteins. The chemical properties of the amino acids present inside proteins specify the biological activity of the protein. Proteins not only catalyze the reactions in living cells but they also control all the cellular process virtually.
Let’s focus on the benefits of amino acids-
Amino acids help in increasing muscle growth.
Amino acids decrease muscle soreness
Amino acids benefit people surviving from liver diseases.
The rise in the consumption of dietary supplements for protein intake, along with the growing health consciousness among people, is the primary factor driving the amino acids market.
Soybean inclusion rates in swine feed tumble
JACKSONVILLE, Ill. — If soybean producers need a target to vent their frustration over plummeting soy-inclusion levels in swine feed, they need look no further than declining soybean feed quality and the rising use of synthetic amino acids.
The increasing use of synthetic amino acids as an alternative to soybean meal in livestock rations, especially for swine, cuts revenue from soybean growers and much of the value chain.
Checkoff-funded research has found that soybean inclusion rates in swine feed have dropped 70% since 1990, in large part replaced by synthetic amino acids and corn byproducts.
Every soybean looks the same on the outside. But not all soybeans are created equal.
Every soybean looks the same, whether it’s in a combine bin, semitrailer, railcar, or river barge. But not all soybeans are created equal.
Some varieties, the Illinois Soybean Association has found, have higher quality traits than others – yet still yield nearly as high as those with lower quality traits.
However, when farmers grow lesser quality soybeans, the value of the end-product is diminished. That’s why the Illinois Soybean Association (ISA) has started the High Yield Plus Quality Program (HY+Q) funded by the soybean checkoff.
When animal nutritionists create feed rations, they look to soybeans for amino acids—not protein.
Soybeans used for feed have traditionally been valued for their protein. Some researchers now suggest the value of amino acids in soybeans is worth even more.
"We want to change the approach to focus on end-user value based on amino acids that drive animal productivity," says John Osthus, Illinois Soybean Association (ISA) High Yield Plus Quality program lead. "Our goal is to encourage seed companies to offer varieties that deliver top performance to livestock customers."
U.S. Soy Works to Find Added Value Inside the Bean
Animal nutrition is a precise science that allows for the most efficient and cost-effective way to grow an animal. This science is continuously developing and finding what makes the most nutritious product can be difficult. All soybean meal is comprised of protein, fiber, soluble carbohydrates and minerals that animals need to grow. But not all soybeans have the same levels of these ingredients in them. The percentage of protein found in soybeans can vary depending on many factors including where the beans are grown and when they are harvested.
Influence of the origin of the beans on the chemical composition and nutritive value of commercial soybean meals
P. García-Rebollar, L. Cámara, R. P. Lázaro, C. Dapoza, R. Pérez-Maldonado, G. G. Mateos
- The composition and nutritive value of the SBM varied with the origin of the beans.
- SBM from Brazil and USA had more crude protein than SBM from Argentina.
- Amino acid profile was better for USA and Argentina SBM than for Brazil SBM.
- NDF was higher and sucrose lower for Brazil SBM than for USA and Argentina SBM.
- KOH, PDI and TIA values were lower for South American SBM than for USA SBM.
Characterizing soybean meal value variation across the US: a swine case-study
Spyridon Mourtzinis, Barton S. Borg, Seth L. Naeve, John Osthus, and Shawn P. Conley
Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] is the most important oilseed crop in the USA, however, the quality characteristics of the soybean meal (SBM) produced from soybean grown in various regions can vary significantly, often leading to region-specific commodity price differentials. Currently, a fast, cost-effective, and accurate estimation method of SBM value does not exist...
Data show there is no trade-off between yield and quality (top half of chart) and that when protein increases, meal value also increases (bottom half).
The accuracy of this production model is high. The circles show the value is estimated by statistics. The solid line shows the actual values as indicated in feed software. The R squared of .99 is a statistical measure that indicates nearly perfect prediction accuracy.
Targeting 19% Oil and 35% Protein
Traditional pricing that prefers soybeans having above 35% protein misses about $45 of soybean value per ton.
Higher-quality Financially Benefits Farmers
High quality soybeans increase soybean value by up to $1.53 per bushel. Of course this number is invisible because it is hidden inside bushel pricing, and high- and low-quality soybeans mix together in the storage and transportation system.
Yield and Quality Tradeoff?
The good news is that value of soybeans in livestock feed does not require any real-world trade off with yield.